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Management Paradigms in Finland

The study ”Management Paradigms in Finland 1917-2007” (Johtamisopit Suomessa 1917–2007) examined the management paradigms by which business organizations in Finland are managed. The study also explored, how the historical development of management in Finland differs from that in other countries.

In the business sector "new" trends and fashions are constantly developed and disseminated by different management fashion setters, such as consultants and business gurus. However, in most cases the only thing that is new is the buzzword and marketing rhetoric. According to the study ”Management Paradigms in Finland 1917-2007", changing trends generally reflect prevailing, 20-30-year long paradigms, whose existence is not commonly recognized in the everyday business life. The study discusses their development, content and legacy in Finland. Applicable to a variety of situations, these different paradigms are means by which business organizations attempt to achieve their permanent goals: the enhancement of productivity and competitiveness.

In order to gain an overall understanding of the adoption of management paradigms in Finland, the first part of the project analysed the manifestation of the paradigms in Finnish management literature, annual reports, management education and academic research. The second part of the project studies how the paradigms have been adopted in management practice in Finnish metal and forestry industries.

The Management Paradigms in Finland research project was conducted between 2005 and 2009. The project was funded by the Academy of Finland, the Emil Aaltonen Foundation and the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health.





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